The Classroom Assessment KnowledgeBase is an online resource for state departments of education to use as part of their professional development efforts with districts and schools. Organized around five elements, it brings together concepts, how-to guidance, tools, and resources about classroom assessment.
Purpose: Assessments used in the classroom can be designed locally by teachers or selected from any number of commercial or other professional sources. Regardless of an assessment's origin, teachers must first plan what they intend to accomplish with the assessment. Upon doing so, they can determine whether a pre-existing or new assessment will best meet their needs.
Purpose: Administering assessments includes conducting and scoring. Conducting the assessment addresses the when, where, and how of doing so. Scoring the assessment focuses on the scoring rubric, determining individual scores, and analyzing the results. Both are essential parts of administering the assessment.
Purpose: When used properly, assessment results enhance instruction. It is incumbent upon teachers to understand, know how to interpret, and explain the results effectively to their students, parents, and other district and school staff members.
Purpose: Good assessments provide the basis for making adjustments in instruction as well as future assessments. Assessment results show teachers where changes need to be made in instructional approaches for groups of students or individual students. The assessment outcomes also show students what they need to do to improve their learning. Changes to instruction based on assessment results complete the learning cycle.
Guideline: Formative assessments provide feedback to the student and the teacher. Besides using results to adjust instructional delivery, teachers can use results to revise the assessment instrument. An improved assessment can be more effective in identifying student strengths and weaknesses.
Action Research is a tool teachers can use to determine whether revisions to an original classroom assessment are warranted. Classroom Action Research provides teachers a process to follow when wondering if they conducted the assessment another way, would it turn out to be a better assessment. This resource from the Madison (Wisconsin) Metroplitan School District provides a series of references related to Action Research.
This Education Testing Service resource offers an overview of classroom assessment and its link to instruction. It also addresses planning assessments, involving students, assessing the assessment, and reviewing the results after the assessment has been conducted.